Nearly 85 percent of the world’s flowering plants depend upon pollinators to reproduce. Bees – honey bees, bumblebees and solitary bees – play a vital role in bringing life and beauty to our world and food to our tables.

Threats to bees include varroa destructor mite, nosema fungus, deformed wing virus, acute bee paralysis virus, slow bee paralysis virus, chronic bee paralysis virus, colony collapse disorder, loss of natural forage, habitat loss and fragmentation, loss of nest and breeding sites, intensive agriculture, neonicotinoid insecticides, and climate change.

Help bees – many websites give practical advice including:
Xerces Society:
Royal Horticultural Society: